How to do clinical research
Surgeons are trained to continually assess, improvise and create and they do this with most cases they treat.
Traditionally new procedures were reported at surgical meetings, published as case reports and case series, and then evolved into large (often retrospective) observational studies. But innovations are leading to smaller increments in improvement and increasingly rigorous methods are needed to show improvement.
Surgical Research has its specific challenges, not least because the nature of a surgical procedure evolves and is rarely consistently delivered either within or between surgeons. The National Cancer Research Institute provides a thorough discussion of the challenges and opportunities for surgical cancer research in the UK.
The following sections outline the process for establishing a study:
Study Ethics and Governance
Surgical Specialty Leads (SSLs)